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Drug Charges

San Antonio Drug Crime Lawyers

At Flanary Law Firm, PLLC, we understand the fear and uncertainty of being arrested for a Texas drug offense. Texas has some of the strictest drug laws in the nation, and a conviction can have severe consequences. Our experienced criminal defense lawyers are here to guide you through the legal process and fight for your rights.

Drug charges are common in the Texas criminal courts. Individuals of all ages, backgrounds, and walks of life are prosecuted for crimes involving street drugs and unauthorized prescription medicines, from cocaine and methamphetamine to Adderall and Oxycontin. 

Texas law has harsh penalties for drug crimes involving the use, possession, possession with intent to deliver, manufacture, or delivery of controlled substances. The penalties depend on the type, amount, and circumstances surrounding drug possession.

The National Drug Intelligence Center has identified San Antonio as the largest drug market in the South Texas High Intensity Drug Trafficking (HIDTA) region. The HIDTA Program is a federal initiative created to coordinate and assist local, state, federal, and Tribal law enforcement agencies in combating drug trafficking and its consequences. 

Home to approximately 1.4 million people, San Antonio’s location as a South Texas border area, as well as its economic and transportation systems, support an environment conducive to drug trafficking.

The report finds that drug traffickers conceal their operations within the city, use the highway system to receive and transport illicit drug shipments, and exploit commercial businesses and financial institutions to launder illegal proceeds. The report also identifies Bexar County as having the highest levels of drug abuse in the entire South Texas High Intensity Drug Trafficking (HIDTA) region.

If you have been charged with a state or federal drug crime in the greater San Antonio areas, we strongly advise that you turn to Flanary Law Firm, PLLC for experienced and proven criminal defense representation. Attorney Don Flanary and his exceptional team are experienced in fighting drug charges throughout Bexar County and the surrounding counties of Kendall, Comal, Guadalupe, Wilson, Atascosa, Medina, and Sanders. 

Discuss your case with a San Antonio drug crime attorney at Flanary Law Firm, PLLC in a free initial consultation. Call (210) 899-7566 or email us from our online contact form

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Ready to take action? Reach out to us today and let's start working towards your legal goals together. Whether you have questions about your case, need immediate assistance, or want to schedule a consultation, our experienced team is here to help.

Texas Drug Laws

The governing law for Texas drug possession cases is found in the Health & Safety Code, Sub-Title C (also called the Texas Controlled Substances Act, found in Chapter 481 of the Health & Safety Code, §§ 481.001 through 485.113). 

Federal drug crimes are governed by the Federal Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970 (21 U.S.C. Section 801 et seq.) or its successor statute.

Navigating Texas Drug Laws

Texas drug laws categorize controlled substances into five Penalty Groups, with Penalty Group 1 carrying the most severe punishments. These classifications can be confusing, and even seemingly small amounts of a particular drug can lead to serious charges. Our San Antonio drug crime attorneys understand the nuances of Texas drug laws and can help you grasp the specific charges you face and the potential penalties involved.

Here's what we can do for you:

  • Review the charges: We will meticulously analyze the details of your arrest and the evidence against you.
  • Explore defense strategies: Depending on the circumstances of your case, we may explore various defense options.
  • Illegal search and seizure: If law enforcement obtained evidence through an unlawful search, we can challenge its admissibility in court.

If law enforcement induces you to commit a crime, this could be a viable defense. The distinction between possession for personal use vs. intent to distribute can also significantly impact the potential penalties. Our attorneys can negotiate with prosecutors for reduced charges or alternative sentencing options.

Types of Texas Drug Crimes

The penalties for most drug crimes in Texas depend on the type of controlled substance, the amount of controlled substance, and how the drugs were possessed, sold, manufactured, or transported.

Possession of a Controlled Substance

  • Possession of a Controlled Substance — Penalty Group 1-a (Health and Safety Code, SEC. 481.1151)
  • Possession of a Controlled Substance — Penalty Group 2 (Health and Safety Code, SEC. 481.116)
  • Possession of a Controlled Substance — Penalty Group 2-a (Health and Safety Code, SEC. 481.1161)
  • Possession of a Controlled Substance — Penalty Group 3 (Health and Safety Code, SEC. 481.117)
  • Possession of a Controlled Substance — Penalty Group Four (Health and Safety Code, SEC. 481.118)
  • Possession of a Controlled Substance with Intent to Deliver
  • Manufacture of a Controlled Substance
  • Delivery of a Controlled Substance; Penalty Group One (Health and Safety Code, SEC. 481.112), Penalty Group One-a (Health and Safety Code, SEC. 481.1121), Penalty Group Two (Health and Safety Code, SEC. 481.113), Penalty Group Three or Four (Health and Safety Code, SEC. 481.114)
  • Possession of Marihuana (Health and Safety Code, SEC. 481.121)
  • Delivery of Marihuana
  • Delivery of Controlled Substance or Marihuana to a Child (Health and Safety Code, SEC. 481.122)
  • Possession or Transport of Certain Chemicals with Intent to Manufacture Controlled Substance (Health and Safety Code, SEC. 481.124)
  • Barter or Expenditure of Funds (Health and Safety Code, SEC. 481.126)(a)(1, 2))
  • Barter or Investing of Funds (Health and Safety Code, SEC. 481.126)(a)(3, 4))
  • Unauthorized Disclosure of Information (Health and Safety Code, SEC. 481.127)
  • Registrant or Dispenser Offenses (Health and Safety Code, SEC. 481.128)
  • Fraud Offenses (Health and Safety Code, SEC. 481.129), Fraud Offenses (Health and Safety Code, SEC. 481.129), Subsection (a), Fraud Offenses (Health and Safety Code, SEC. 481.129), Subsection (a-1), Fraud Offenses (Health and Safety Code, SEC. 481.129), Subsection (b), Fraud Offenses (Health and Safety Code, SEC. 481.129), Subsection (c)(1), Fraud Offenses (Health and Safety Code, SEC. 481.129), Subsection (c)(2)
  • Diversion of Controlled Substance Property or Plant (Health and Safety Code, SEC. 481.131)
  • Falsification of Drug Test Results (Health and Safety Code, SEC. 481.133)
  • Drug-Free Zone Enhancement
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Why Choose Flanary Law Firm, PLLC?

  • Constant Communication
    At our firm, we always want our clients to feel empowered when defending against criminal charges. We aim to constantly communicate with our clients, answering questions and taking feedback as we progress through the case. We are always here to answer your questions or adjust your legal strategy as needed.
  • A History of Results
    With multiple decades of experience between our attorneys, we have a history of proven results and happy clients. We always aim to get a criminal case dismissed or have the charges lowered to reduce any penalties our clients are facing. We are confident we can get you the results you deserve.
  • Experience You Can Count On
    At our firm, we pride ourselves on the diverse range of criminal cases we have worked on. From federal felony charges to state misdemeanors, we know exactly how to build a defense strategy that's right for you. Our team can handle even the most complex cases and are willing to be flexible with our strategies.
  • Advice on Your Timeline
    We understand that all criminal cases work at different paces. Whether you are just looking around for a lawyer because you're under investigation or you need immediate representation, our team can help. We will work with you no matter where you are in the process to protect your rights.
  • Free Initial Consultations
    We understand that hiring a criminal defense attorney is a big decision that many people need time to make. That's why we offer all our potential clients a free consultation to see if we're the right legal team for them. We will review your case and begin building a legal strategy to defend your rights.
  • Personalized Legal Defense Strategies
    All criminal cases are different, so our dense strategies are too. We would never re-use a legal strategy from one client to the next because your case is too unique. We will always build a defense strategy that's personalized and effective for you to get the outcome you deserve.

Controlled Substance Amount

The prosecutor must allege the amount of the controlled substance in the indictment because this amount helps determine the applicable punishment range. If the amount is not alleged, the appellate court will remand the matter to the trial court for a new sentencing hearing.

As a result of a legislative amendment in 1997, the definition of a “controlled substance” in Texas currently includes drugs, adulterants, dilutants, and precursors. The term “controlled substance” also consists of the aggregate weight of any mixture, solution, or other substance containing a controlled substance. See Health and Safety Code, § 451.002(5). Since this change in Texas law, the prosecutor no longer needs to allege the specific adulterants and dilutants in the indictment.

Federal Vs. State Drug Charges

Both federal and state authorities can enforce drug laws, and the consequences can vary depending on the jurisdiction. 

Here's a simplified breakdown:

  • State Drug Charges: Enforced by Texas law enforcement and prosecuted in state courts. Penalties typically range from fines and probation to jail time in state prisons, depending on the specific charge and the amount of the controlled substance involved.
  • Federal Drug Charges: These are enforced by federal agencies like the DEA and prosecuted in federal courts. Federal drug offenses often carry harsher penalties, including significant prison sentences and hefty fines.
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